Scleral lenses are a type of RGP (Rigid Gas Permeable) lens used for conditions such as keratoconus and pellucid marginal cornea degeneration. However, incorrect care of scleral contact lenses and solutions can increase the risk of eye infections and corneal ulcers. Risk factors for acquiring an eye infection include improper lens cleaning and disinfection, poor hygiene practices and smoking. Following your practitioner's hygiene regime, along with regular reviews, will minimise this risk.
Always thoroughly wash your hands with an antibacterial-based hand wash and dry them with a clean lint-free towel before handling, removing or inserting your lenses. Make sure to clean all parts of your hands, including between the fingers and dry thoroughly.
Orthokeratology is a safe, reversible and effective vision correction solution. However, incorrect care of contact lenses and solutions can increase the risk for eye infections and corneal ulcers. Risk factors for acquiring an eye infection include improper lens cleaning and disinfection, poor hygiene practices and smoking. Following your practitioner’s hygiene regime, along with regular reviews, will minimise this risk.
Always wash and rinse your hands thoroughly and dry them with a lint-free towel/tissue before handling contact lenses. All traces of soap, perfumes, hair-spray, creams and lotions should be removed from your hands and around your eyes.
Step 1 Remove lenses from the cleaning solution case and rinse with saline. If using hydrogen peroxide solution a minimum soaking time of 6 hours is required for the acid to neutralise to saline.
Step 2 Fill the bowl of the lens with a lubricating eye drop or saline solution. If using the tripod method, place the lens on the middle finger, index finger and thumb. If using a suction tool, place the lens on the tip of the scleral suction tool. Ensure you are facing down horizontally, looking into a flat mirror. Reach around with your dominant hand to lift up the top lid, and use your non-dominant middle finger to hold the lower lid open. Using the mirror, place the lens on the eye. The suction tool must be squeezed to release the lens. To save confusion, it’s a good idea to always insert the right lens first.
Step 3 If you happen to drop your lens, use saline solution to rinse. Place the lens in the palm of your hand and rinse thoroughly for 5 seconds.
Step 4 Dry and wipe out your lens case with a tissue. Leave the case lid off to air dry while wearing your lenses.
You may experience some discomfort if the lens is not in place correctly on the eye or if a foreign body, such as an eyelash or make-up pigment, is trapped underneath the lens. If this is the case, remove the lens and reinsert.
Tripod method. A rubber inserter can also be used to hold the lens if dexterity is a problem – ask your optometrist about this.
Method 1 – Manual Removal
Method 2 – Suction Removal
Different suction tools available for scleral lenses.
An effective cleaning process is vital to ensure comfortable, hygienic and infection-free contact lens wear. With correct cleaning, contact lenses will feel better on your eyes, allow better eye health and vision, and dramatically reduce the risk of infection. Always clean your lenses after wear, and NEVER RINSE OR STORE YOUR LENSES IN TAP WATER.3 The acanthamoeba microorganism is plentiful in tap water and can cause a severe, painful and sight-threatening infection.
These solutions work by having your contact lenses immersed and sterilised in 3% hydrogen peroxide. Over the course of a 6 hour period the catalyst in the case converts the hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen gas. This cleaning solution has the advantage that when your lenses are removed from the case they require no rinsing as they are covered only in sterile, non-preserved water. They also generally require no rubbing step, which decreases the risk of accidental breakage. The case can be left to air dry when not in use, and should be replaced with each new bottle of solution. AO Sept now had the addition of Hydraglyde, an ingredient which improves the wettability of your contact lenses, making them more useful for scleral patients with long day-wear times.
To clean your lenses fill the case up to the line, place your lenses in the correct cage-holder. Then submerge the case and screw closed. Take care when transporting the case as sometimes the small gas-release hole can leak solution.
Care should be taken not to get the un-neutralised peroxide in your eyes as this will sting painfully. If this occurs rinse thoroughly with water and contact your optometrist if the pain persists or your vision is affected. Find AOSept at our shop here.
To clean and maintain the wettability of your lenses use intensive cleaner, such as Menicon Progent. Place the lenses into the contact lens case holders. Open vial A and B by twisting the cap and pour the contents into the contact lens case. Replace the lid and tighten. Leave the lenses in the solution for 30 minutes, then remove and rinse thoroughly with saline. Lenses can now be worn or soaked in your daily cleaner. (please note that this product may not be available in all countries, ask your practitioner).
Scleral lenses are made of a strong polymer which resists damage in normal wearing circumstances. It is very rare for a lens to break in your eye unless something hits your eye or your removal technique is incorrect/very forceful. The solutions you use to clean your lenses will not weaken or degrade them ‒ not even the powerful Progent fortnightly deep cleaner. However, they can still break if mishandled. There are some tricks you can learn to minimise this chance.
Habits that may cause a lens to break include:
It is very rare for a lens to break in your eye unless something hits your eye or your removal technique is incorrect/very forceful. The solutions you use to clean your lenses will not weaken or degrade them ‒ not even the powerful Progent fortnightly deep cleaner.
We understand that when you are learning how to use your lenses you may be inadvertently forceful during insertion, removal or cleaning. Because of this we offer a 1 month manufacturer’s replacement warranty on accidental breakages. Outside of this period, your lens is not covered by a warranty and the lens will need to be replaced at your cost if damaged or lost.
Normally a lens will take less than one week to arrive from the lab when ordered. If you are very dependent on the lens, we will of course ask our lens company to manufacture it as soon as possible. Because of the inevitable waiting time, we encourage all scleral lens wearers to have a spare set of lenses available for a situation where a lens is lost or broken.
If you do lose or damage a lens, please don’t fret, just give our friendly team a call and we will arrange a replacement as quickly as we can.
Do not use your scleral gas permeable lenses in the following cases: